editor(s), (2010, Feb 2nd) Get an “A” on Your Report Card…Maximize Your Tech Investment. eSchool News, website. Available at http://www.eschoolnews.com/e/eSN/020210ResourceCenter.htm Accessed on 30/3/2010
(2008, Oct 7th) On the way: Nation’s first tech-literacy exam eSchool News, website. Available at http://www.eschoolnews.com/2008/10/07/on-the-way-nations-first-tech-literacy-exam/?ast=18 Accessed on 29/3/2010
Hague, C. & Williamson, B. (2009) Digital participation, digital literacy, and school subjects www.futurelab.org.uk Available at http://www.evernote.com/shard/s18/res/9fa93f4e-5433-4361-be22-2ddbdcc248d2/HagueWilliamson.2009.DigitalParticipationDigitalLiteracyAndSchoolSubjects.pdf?search=digital+literacy Accessed on 30/3/2010
Partridge, H. 2007. Redefining the digital divide in the ’smart state’ Available at http://ausweb.scu.edu.au/aw07/papers/refereed/partridge/paper.html Accessed on 26/3/2010.
Prabhu, Maya T. (2010, April 2nd) New test measures students’ digital literacy eSchools News, website. Available at http://www.eschoolnews.com/2010/04/02/new-test-measures-students-digital-literacy/ Accessed on 6/4/2010
How and when should, or can, digital literacy be assessed. NAPLAN testsEnglish and Mathematical literacies – should there be a digital media component, if we are serious about preparing students to be active participants in a digitally geared society?
USA developed test (http://www.eschoolnews.com/2010/04/02/new-test-measures-students-digital-literacy/). It appears to be vocationally based, although claims to have academic level application also. This is only one concrete example in a world that is increasingly digitally dependant; the research and creation of desired outcomes and assessment models is falling behind the need for them.
What about the rate of change in ICT’s? There is a problem that a test set today, may be outdated by next year. iPad released 4/4/2010 http://www.abc.net.au/news/stories/2010/04/04/2863758.htm. Net-pads have already purchased for use in Stromlo high (lecture 6/4/2010). If a testing regime is created to ensure a literacy level, consideration must be given to the compliance cost, in terms of hardware and software.
This leads back to the digital divide issue. If schools do not have the required resources, they can not effectively teach the required skills and thought processes. If these are not taught, the cycle of divide will continue.
Who will teach the teachers? “A lot of ICT CPD for teachers currently concentrates on skills training rather than the practice and pedagogy of using ICT effectively and thoughtfully. (Page 28 of pdf) http://www.evernote.com/shard/s18/res/9fa93f4e-5433-4361-be22-2ddbdcc248d2/HagueWilliamson.2009.DigitalParticipationDigitalLiteracyAndSchoolSubjects.pdf?search=digital+literacy
New teachers, like ourselves, are receiving intensive training to bring us ‘up to speed’. What about teachers already practicing, who do not have this skill-set? “there are wide variations in the confidence, skills and knowledge that individual teachers themselves possess around digital technology and media. (page 27 of pdf) http://www.evernote.com/shard/s18/res/9fa93f4e-5433-4361-be22-2ddbdcc248d2/HagueWilliamson.2009.DigitalParticipationDigitalLiteracyAndSchoolSubjects.pdf?search=digital+literacy
Whose responsibility is is to guide children through internet research? We have spent hours ensuring our 9 year old does not just copy & paste, we insist that she read, take notes and then reword the information she has found. Is this process reinforced at school? Can a teacher in a class of twenty-five children, realistically ensure that each and every child is following the full process? The wealth of internet sites dovoted to instructing teachers how to instil these skills in their students, seem to make this a fore-gone conclusion.
“If we view the school curriculum as a set of skills, knowledge and understanding organised to prepare young people for“a flourishing personal and civic life” then it follows logically that the curriculum must respond to the challenges and opportunities that digital media provide.” (page 5 of pdf) http://www.evernote.com/shard/s18/res/9fa93f4e-5433-4361-be22-2ddbdcc248d2/HagueWilliamson.2009.DigitalParticipationDigitalLiteracyAndSchoolSubjects.pdf?search=digital+literacy
We need to be concerned that research standards could drop (even further?). If children have a limited set of resources (ie. a set of topic-relevant books in the classroom), the teacher can easily faliiarise themself with the contents & style, thus making it likely that any misinterpretation, mis-use, or plagiarism of a particular text will be picked up.
Should parents, with widely varying access and skills themselves, be expected to guide children through the process of online research? What product will result by mid, or end of schooling? If it is the parents’ responsibility, are we just entrenching the digital divide, condemning children to live their parents’ experiences?
What about ethical issues? “some critics claim that technology and media make it more likely for children to become voracious consumers, and think schools need to provide digital literacy skills to combat this. (page 11 of pdf) http://www.evernote.com/shard/s18/res/9fa93f4e-5433-4361-be22-2ddbdcc248d2/HagueWilliamson.2009.DigitalParticipationDigitalLiteracyAndSchoolSubjects.pdf?search=digital+literacy This is a socio-politically loaded point of view.
At high-school level, during school hours, who is, and who should be, responsible for digital media literacy? It is increasingly falling to English teachers, as part of a broad ‘literacy’ definition, to educate students on how to responsibly and effectively use the internet and other digital media to gather and process information. In other words, to research using these new tools. If the English teachers do not teach these literacies, then who should? Perhaps there should be a whole stream of studies, a new KLA, to cover these skills. USA seem to be going this way http://www.eschoolnews.com/e/eSN/020210ResourceCenter.htm. They intend to introduce testing on Technology literacy in 2012. http://www.eschoolnews.com/2008/10/07/on-the-way-nations-first-tech-literacy-exam/?ast=18
Is there a model for ‘double marking’? A system where one teacher instructs students in digital media literacies, but leaves assessment tasks to teachers in other KLA’s (eg. English, History, Science). This would put less strain on an already crowded curriculum, as only a few extra classes would have to be catered for, with all assessment then marked by both teachers to give two seperate marks in the two KLA’s (eg. English and “digital media”). “To date, however, there is little research providing indepth evidence about how to effectively integrate digital literacy and digital participation in everyday school settings. (page 8 of pdf) http://www.evernote.com/shard/s18/res/9fa93f4e-5433-4361-be22-2ddbdcc248d2/HagueWilliamson.2009.DigitalParticipationDigitalLiteracyAndSchoolSubjects.pdf?search=digital+literacy
Lecture & tutorial material informs us that digital media literacy is more than being able to press buttons. For example, is my three year old digital media literate, because she can turn on & navigate by ‘clicking’ to her preferred web-based game? No, the computer is set up to assist her, by having the home page loaded to Nick Jr. It is a memory sequence, as soon as anything does not perform as expected, she is lost.
Is my 9 year old digitally literate? She can browse Google (sometimes needs support to find the right question, or topic), and she can copy and paste swathes of information, pictures and diagrams on the relevant topic. She is not yet ‘literate’ because she has to be prompted to read thoroughly what she is using. She also has little to no ability to assess the validity of what she is reading.
Digital literacy is: using information and communications technology (ICT) to gather and assess information, collaborate, innovate, think critically, and solve problems. http://www.eschoolnews.com/2009/08/14/measuring-21st-century-skills-2/
editor, (2009, Aug 14th) Measuring 21st Century skills eSchool News, website. Avalailable at http://www.eschoolnews.com/2009/08/14/measuring-21st-century-skills-2/ Accessed on 30/3/2010